SOScheduler: Toward Proactive and Adaptive Wildfire Suppression via Multi-UAV Collaborative Scheduling


Multi-UAV systems have shown immense potential in handling complex tasks in large-scale, dynamic, and cold-start (i.e., limited prior knowledge) scenarios, such as wildfire suppression. Due to the dynamic and stochastic environmental conditions, the scheduling for sensing tasks (i.e., fire monitoring) and operation tasks (i.e., fire suppression) should be executed concurrently to enable real-time information collection and timely intervention of the environment. However, the planning inclinations of sensing and operation tasks are typically inconsistent and evolve over time, complicating the task of identifying the optimal strategy for each UAV. To solve this problem, this paper proposes SOScheduler, a collaborative multi-UAV scheduling framework for integrated sensing and operation in large-scale and dynamic wildfire environments. We introduce a spatio-temporal confidence-aware assessment model to dynamically and directly pinpoint locations that can optimally enhance the understanding of environmental dynamics and operational effectiveness, as well as a priority graph-instructed scalable scheduler to coordinate multi-UAV in an efficient manner. Experiments on real multi-UAV testbeds and large-scale physical feature-based simulations show that our SOScheduler reduces the fire expansion ratio by 59% and enhances the fire coverage ratio by 190% compared to state-of-the-art (SOTA) solutions.

In IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Research Assistant Professor

My research interests include industrial intelligence and edge computing.